Felony Justice Project 13 Tamara
Introduction to Felony Justice
Traditional Development of Prisons in the United States
The Pennsylvania program, established by the Quakers about 1790, applied solitary confinement, penance, and Bible examine to achieve treatment. The Quakers viewed incarceration as an opportunity for penance and found prisons as places where offenders might create amends with society and accept responsibility for their violations. The beliefs of imprisonment begun by the Quakers, greatly imbued with elements of rehab and prevention, carries over to present day.
The Auburn style, also referred to as the congregate but silent program, was developed about 1820. Through this form, criminals were held in congregate trend but necessary to maintain quiet. Around 1876, the reformatory concept utilized indeterminate sentencing in an effort to rehabilitate inmates. This fell victim to the start the industrial penitentiary age, through which states noticed the opportunity to cash in on defendent labor.
Industrial prisons emerged around 1890. With the inability of the reformatory style penitentiary, concerns more than security and discipline became dominant in American prisons. Inmate populations rose, costs soared, and states began to study practical alternatives. The actual profitability of inmate labor and the professional prison came to be. These prisons smelted metallic, manufactured, cabinetry, molded wheels, and turned out many other items for the open industry. San Quentin prison was categorized as an commercial prison. The demise with the industrial penitentiary era was brought about by a moratorium on free-market jail industries enforced by the Ashurst-Sumners Act of 1935.
The punitive period followed, seen as a an increased concentrate on custody and institutional protection and an " out of sight, out of mind” beliefs in American attitudes toward inmates. The punitive time that come was seen as a the belief that criminals owed a debt to society that only a thorough period...