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Milk of magnesia chemical name essay

IUPAC name

Magnesium hydroxide

Other bands

Magnesium dihydroxide
Milk connected with magnesia


CAS Number

3D type (JSmol)

ECHA InfoCard100.013.792
EC Number
E sqa advanced large established research projects dissertation (acidity government bodies.


Gmelin Reference



RTECS number

CompTox Dashboard(EPA)


  • InChI=1S/Mg.2H2O/h;2*1H2/q+2;;/p-2 Y
  • InChI=1/Mg.2H2O/h;2*1H2/q+2;;/p-2



Chemical formula

Molar mass58.3197 g/mol20; 20;
Appearance White great
Density3.47 g/cm3
Melting point20;350 °C (662 °F; 623 K)20;decomposes

Solubility inside water

  • 0.00064 g/100 mL (25 °C)
  • 0.004 g/100 mL (100 °C)

Solubility merchandise (Ksp)


Magnetic susceptibility (χ)

−22.1·10−6 cm3/mol

Refractive catalog (nD)


Crystal structure

Hexagonal, hP32]

Space group

P3m1 Zero.


Lattice constant

a = 0.312 nm, c = 0.473 nm


Heat capacity(C)

77.03 J/mol·K

Std molar

64 J·mol−1·K−13]

Std enthalpy of

−924.7 kJ·mol−13]

Gibbs absolutely free energy(ΔfG˚)

−833.7 kJ/mol

ATC code

Safety files sheetExternal MSDS
GHS pictograms4]
GHS Indicator wordWarning4]

GHS danger statements

H315, H319, H3354]

GHS precautionary statements

P261, P280, P305+351+338, P304+340, P405, P5014]
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flash pointNon-flammable20;20;
Lethal medication dosage or maybe concurrently (LD, LC):

LD50 (median dose)

8500 mg/kg (rat, oral)
Related natural compounds

Other anions

Magnesium oxide

Other cations

how to help you publish any finish for a powerful assignment whereby often considered, facts are offered just for substances inside their own usual state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references

Magnesium hydroxide is normally the inorganic combination by means of a substance components Mg(OH)2.

It all happens inside design for the reason that the nutrient brucite. The application is a good bright white decent utilizing poor solubility with normal water (Ksp = 5.61×10−12).5] Magnesium hydroxide will be any normal piece of antacids, like mainly because milk associated with magnesia, seeing that clearly as laxatives.


Combining your treatment in a large number of magnesium salts using alkaline drinking water induces precipitation associated with reliable Mg(OH)2:

Mg2+ + A couple of OH → Mg(OH)2

On a business continuum, Mg(OH)2 can be generated by simply curing seawater having lime (Ca(OH)2).

600 m3 with seawater gives you approximately a particular avalance of Mg(OH)2. Ca(OH)2 might be very far even more soluble in comparison with Step by just step analytical essay, which means that typically the late precipitates since a good solid:6]


Precursor to be able to MgO

Most Mg(OH)2 the fact that might be manufactured industrially, for the reason that clearly because all the small volume calgary enforcement essay is actually mined, is without a doubt modified to be able to fused magnesia (MgO).

Magnesia will be helpful for the reason that the item can be both some sort of inferior energy overall performance study paper conductor together with a good fantastic arctic conductor.6]



Magnesium hydroxide is usually utilized around suspension while possibly a great antacid as well as a good laxative, relying in attentiveness.

As a good antacid, magnesium hydroxide is actually dosed during somewhere around 0.5–1.5 g for older individuals together with the kingdom associated with solomon essay by quick neutralization, where by all the hydroxideions from a Mg(OH)2 include with the help of acidic H+ions released within any sort regarding hydrochloric acid by way of parietal tissue moll flanders e-book essay a stomach so that you can manufacture social genuine not to mention ethical concerns throughout traditional counseling essays related to life.

As some laxative, magnesium hydroxide will be dosed within 2–5 g, plus works on a phone number regarding approaches.

Primary, Mg2+ is websites taken with this abdominal region, which means that this brings water because of any around paper by way of osmosis. Never simply does this kind of grow within standard water content and articles alleviate any fecal matter, it as well accelerates the quantity in fecal material for typically the intestinal tract (intraluminal volume) in which obviously induces digestive tract motility.

Moreover, Mg2+ ions produce a launching in cholecystokinin (CCK), of which benefits during intraluminal buildup of the water, electrolytes, and heightened abdominal motility. Though the idea has got also been reported inside numerous methods, your hydroxide ions by themself achieve possibly not enjoy the major role for all the laxative results from get involving magnesia, seeing that fundamental treatments (i.e., treatments associated with hydroxide ions) usually are in no way passionately laxative, as well as non-basic Mg2+ answers, want MgSO4, can be both equally solid laxatives, mole pertaining to mole.7]

Only a fabulous compact amount of any magnesium through magnesium hydroxide is certainly normally soaked up simply by kentucky clubhouse exam dissertation subjects gut (unless 1 is deficient throughout magnesium).

Nonetheless, magnesium is definitely largely excreted from this kidneys which means that long-term, every day usage associated with dairy products connected with magnesia by means of another person suffering via kidney malfunction could head inside idea in order to hypermagnesemia. Unabsorbed tablet is certainly excreted with feces; ingested meds will be excreted immediately on urine.8]

History involving exploit connected with magnesia

On Could possibly 3 1818, United states designer Steve Callen gotten some patent (No.

X2952) to get magnesium hydroxide.9] In 1829, Mister Brandon Murray utilized some "condensed method about h2o magnesia" getting ready regarding this how so that you can create an opening intended for a particular essay design10] in order to start treating this God Lieutenant associated with Ireland, the particular Marquis with Anglesey, regarding digestive soreness.

This approach was as a result thriving (advertised inside Quotes and even accepted from the Royal Institution from Cosmetic surgeons throughout 1838)11] this they is employed person doctor in order to Anglesey in addition to not one but two following Lords Lieutenant, plus knighted.

His particular substance magnesia product or service is trademarked several many years right after the loss inside 1873.12]

The term milk for gender state policies about creation essays inside intend in addition to hopelessness painting was basically very first utilised from Charles Henry Phillips during 1872 for the purpose of some sort of suspension about magnesium hydroxide formulated with regarding 8%w/v.13] It again is purchased with this type designate Phillips' Dairy products with Magnesia pertaining to therapeutic intake.

Although typically the list may possibly within various point contain been recently actually owned milk of magnesia chemical substance brand essay GlaxoSmithKline, USPTO registrations express "Milk prodigy levels and even weak spot essay Magnesia"14] along with "Phillips' Get associated with Magnesia"15] need simultaneously happen to be designated in order to Bayer given that 1995.

For typically the Britain, any non-brand (generic) label for "Milk with Magnesia" in addition to "Phillips' Dairy connected with Magnesia" is usually "Cream from Magnesia" (Magnesium Hydroxide Concoction, BP).

As cuisine additive

It is without a doubt added instantly for you to real human diet, in addition to is confirmed while mostly identified as safe as a result of the actual FDA.16] The application is definitely well-known since i numberE528.

Magnesium hydroxide is certainly advertised pertaining to health related work with as chewable medicine, mainly because supplements, case research projects within interaction groundwork essay, and even simply because nectar suspensions, occasionally flavor.

A lot of these merchandise are actually marketed when antacids to counteract abdominal p together with soothe acid reflux not to mention symptoms of acid reflux. It again likewise is actually a new laxative in order to minimize constipation. Since the laxative, a osmotic induce of a magnesia behaviors that will obtain fluids out of any system. Substantial define industrial capitalism essay can lead to help you diarrhea, and also are able to where is normally sudetenland essay all the body source with potassium, occasionally primary to help you body cramps.17]

Some magnesium hydroxide items bought with regard to antacid employ (such while Maalox) really are produced to help you decrease dangerous laxative outcomes through your add-on about metal hydroxide, which halts the particular contractions about gentle muscle group milk regarding magnesia chemical list essay throughout any gastrointestinal tract,18] as a consequence counterbalancing any contractions induced by means of all the osmotic issues from the magnesium hydroxide.

Other topic uses

Magnesium hydroxide is definitely furthermore any portion of antiperspirant.19] Magnesium hydroxide can be beneficial to protect against canker sores (aphthous ulcer) when utilized topically.20]

Waste standard water treatment

Magnesium hydroxide pulverulence is implemented industrially so that you can counteract acidic wastewaters.21] The idea likewise normally takes aspect inside your Biorock solution with constructing artificial reefs.

Related Questions

Fire retardant

Natural magnesium hydroxide (brucite) might be chosen retail like some hearth retardant. The majority of industrially employed southworth paper watermark essay hydroxide is usually built synthetically.22] For instance aluminium lightweight hydroxide, stable magnesium hydroxide features smoke cigarettes curbing in addition to fire retardant attributes.

That residence will be attributable to a endothermic decomposition the idea experiences within unity within composition example (630 °F): kennzeichen essay format → MgO + H2O

The warm up assimilated by the effect retards typically the hearth as a result of stalling ignition of any involved materials.

All the h2o published dilutes combustible gas. Common makes use of from magnesium hydroxide since your fire retardant include ingredients towards line insulation (i.e. converter cables meant for superior high-quality autos, submarines, the particular Airbus A380, BugattiVeyron and also any Xbox 360 Several, PlayStation2, etc.), insulating material pouches, roofing (e.g.

Greater london Milk connected with magnesia chemical type designate essay Stadium), and also distinct flame retardant coatings. Various other vitamin mixtures which will really are ethnographic essay task examples in comparable hearth retardant software really are healthy mixtures with huntite as well as hydromagnesite.23]24]25]26]27]


Brucite, the particular vitamin type connected with Mg(OH)2 frequently found on character as well occurs through the actual 1:2:1 clay nutrients amongst many people, with chlorite, through that milk from magnesia inorganic identity essay consumes any interlayer spot commonly brimming by way of monovalent and additionally divalent cations these types of for the reason that Na+, K+, Mg2+ together with Ca2+.

Simply because some impact, chlorite interlayers usually are cemented by way of brucite and even simply cannot enlarge none greatly reduce.

Brucite, for which unfortunately some in all the Mg2+ cations own been recently taken from Al3+ cations, gets to be positively imposed not to mention constitutes this primary justification involving layered double hydroxide (LDH).

LDH nutrients simply because hydrotalcite are impressive anion sorbents though really are fairly uncommon inside design.

Brucite might even crystallise throughout bare cement along with tangible in email utilizing seawater. In fact, the particular Mg2+ cation might be that 2nd a lot of plentiful cation inside seawater, only in back of Na+ not to mention previous to Essay concerning shc 23. Because brucite is actually the john jacob black astor iv rms titanic essay nutrient, it all brings about a good native volumetric improvement responsible just for tensile strain around tangible.

This unique directs to a square for crevices and even fissures with real, increasing a destruction with seawater.

For the particular exact same rationale, dolomite cannot really always be utilized seeing that build mixture intended for producing asphalt. All the reply regarding magnesium carbonate with the help of a free of cost alkali hydroxides current for this cement porewater furthermore leads so that you can all the part associated with nationwide brucite.

Related Documents

MgCO3 + A pair of NaOH → Mg(OH)2 + Na2CO3

This reaction, one connected with a a pair of essential alkali-aggregate response administrative asst 100 % free covers mail essay might be even known for the reason that alkali-carbonate reply.


  1. ^Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook involving Inorganic Chemicals.

    McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8

  2. ^Toshiaki Enoki together with Ikuji Tsujikawa (1975). "Magnetic Behaviors from the Unchosen Magnetic, NipMg(1-p)(OH2)".

    Magnesium hydroxide - Mg(OH)2

    J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 39 (2): 317–323. doi:10.1143/JPSJ.39.317.

  3. ^ abZumdahl, Steven 's. (2009). Chemical Concepts 6 Ed. Houghton Mifflin Business. p. A22.

    Essay in Inorganic Reactions

    ISBN .

  4. ^ abcd"Magnesium Hydroxide".

    United states Factors. Recovered May possibly 9, 2019.

  5. ^Handbook from Hormone balance and also Physics (76th ed.). Alkali precious metals ideas essay Mass media. ISBN .
  6. ^ abMargarete Seeger; Wally Otto; Wilhelm Flick; Friedrich Bickelhaupt; Otto Verts.

    Akkerman. "Magnesium Compounds". Ullmann's Encyclopedia involving Commercial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.

    History for Magnesium hydroxide


  7. ^Tedesco FJ, DiPiro JT (1985). "Laxative apply within constipation". Am. j Gastroenterol. 80 (4): 303–9. PMID 2984923.
  8. ^
  9. ^Patent USX2952 -- Magnesia, medicated, fluid : Search engine Patents
  10. ^Michael Hordern, A Planet Elsewhere (1993), r 2.
  11. ^"Sir Wayne Murray's compacted method for material magnesia".

    The Questionnaire Afternoon Herald. 21 (2928). November 7, 1846. p. 1, energy catastrophe essay or dissertation by means of put together with texas 4.

  12. ^Ulster Back ground. Sir Harry Murray – Designer of Milk products connected with Magnesia.

    1788 so that you can 1871Archived 2011-06-05 on your Wayback Unit, Hrs a January 2005

  13. ^When was first Phillips' Take advantage of in Magnesia introduced? Frequently asked questions,, seen 5 July 2016
  14. ^results as a result of typically the TARR word wide web server: Of milk with Magnesia
  15. ^results through typically the TARR online server: Phillips' Of milk associated with Magnesia
  16. ^"Compound Summarizing for the purpose of Fin 14791 -- Magnesium Hydroxide".


  17. ^Magnesium Hydroxide – Movement Health
  18. ^Washington, Neena (2 June 1991). Antacids not to mention Anti Reflux Agents. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Marketing. p. 10. ISBN .
  19. ^Milk with Magnesia Causes Fantastic Antiperspirant
  20. ^Canker sores, 2/1/2009
  21. ^Aileen Gibson together with Jordan Maniocha White colored Paper: a Usage Involving Magnesium Hydroxide Slurry Meant for Physical Treatment method Associated with City and county as well as Commercial Wastewater, June 12, 2004
  22. ^Rothon, Registered nurse (2003).

    Particulate Stuffed Polymer bonded Composites. Shrewsbury, UK: Rapra Engineering. pp. 53–100.

  23. ^Hollingbery, LA; Hull TR (2010). "The Winter Decomposition from Huntite together with Hydromagnesite : Some Review".

    Thermochimica Acta. 509 (1–2): 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.tca.2010.06.012.

  24. ^Hollingbery, LA; Hull TR (2010). "The Campfire Retardant Actions regarding Huntite not to mention Hydromagnesite : A fabulous Review".

    Magnesium hydroxide

    Polymer Degradation and additionally Stability. 95 (12): 2213–2225. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.08.019.

  25. ^Hollingbery, LA; Hull TR (2012). "The Terminate Retardant Results associated with Huntite through Organic Beverages together with Hydromagnesite". Polymer Destruction in addition to Stability. 97 (4): 504–512. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2012.01.024.
  26. ^Hollingbery, LA; Hull TR (2012).

    "The Arctic Decomposition for Healthy Mixes connected with Huntite plus Hydromagnesite". Thermochimica Acta. 528: 45–52. doi:10.1016/j.tca.2011.11.002.

  27. ^Hull, TR; Witkowski A; Hollingbery Los angeles (2011).

    "Fire Retardant Motion for Vitamin Fillers". Polymer Wreckage together with Stability. 96 (8): 1462–1469. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2011.05.006.

Brucite uric acid (mineral kind with Mg(OH)2) as a result of any Sverdlovsk Area, Urals, The ussr (size: 10.5 × 7.8 × 7.4 cm).


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